Closure of the public footpath level crossing at Gipsy Lane, Needham Market.

This forms part of our ongoing commitment to deliver a safer, more efficient and reliable railway.

Gipsy level crossing

The Gipsy Lane level crossing is on the Liverpool Street to Norwich line.  This section of the line is heavily trafficked by services to Ipswich, Bury St Edmunds, Cambridge and Norwich, together with freight services to FelixstoweThe crossing provides access to public footpaths and recreational walking routes adjacent to the River Gipping leading to Creeting St Mary.

Gipsy Lane level crossing is a passive Stop, Look & Listen level crossing with kissing gates. There have been a number of incidents in the past, including a fatal incident in August 2011 and several near misses.

Network Rail has classified Gipsy Lane level crossing as a higher risk crossing and is therefore closing the crossing and planning to replace it with a public footpath using an existing culvert.

Network Rail is seeking to close level crossings across the network to improve safety and reliability, by working collaboratively with local authorities. Steps have already been taken to close a number of level crossings across the network and improve public awareness of their potential dangers.

The key reasons for closing Gipsy Lane level crossing are:

  • Gipsy Lane level crossing is a user worked Stop, Look and Listen crossing with kissing gates.
  • The level crossing is high risk; there have been a number of incidents in the past including a fatal accident in August 2011 and several near misses.
  • Following the fatal accident, a temporary line speed restriction was put in place in one direction which has an impact on journey times and efficiency of the railway.
  • As part of safety measures put in place following previous incidents, the nearby Willow Walk level crossing (Footpath 6) is permanently closed, with users diverted to Gipsy Lane, meaning increased risk at Gipsy Lane.

We’re always looking to improve journey times on the line between London and Norwich, and the presence of level crossings limits the upgrades that can be achieved on this line.

In November 2015, a public consultation was held to consider a range of options, including a ramped underpass and a ramped footbridge and other diversion routes. A preferred option was chosen for further investigation and development based on feedback from key stakeholders and the local community.

A range of options have been considered for the crossing, including an underpass with ramp and a footbridge with ramp, along with options such as diversion routes.

Map of Gipsy Lane level crossing

The initial options, which were the subject of a public consultation in November 2015, were developed with input from a Design Panel of local key stakeholders and representatives, including Suffolk County Council, Mid Suffolk District Council, Needham Market Town Council, Creeting St Mary Parish Council, Local Disability Groups, Built Environment Accessibility Panel (BEAP), Network Rail, WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff and local residents..

The options  proposed in November 2015 are summarised below.  You can view the options by clicking the links below:

  • Option A – Ramped footbridge to the north of Gipsy Lane parallel with the railway with access taken from Gipsy Lane.  This has a 1 in 20 ramp gradient.
  • Option B – Ramped and Stepped footbridge to the north of Gipsy Lane with access from Stowmarket Road.  This has a 1 in 20 ramp gradient.
  • Option C – Underpass to the south of Gipsy Lane with 1 in 20 ramp gradient.  This option takes access via Gipsy Lane.
  • Option D – Underpass to the north of Gipsy Lane with 1 in 20 ramp gradient.  This option takes access via Gipsy Lane.
  • Option E – Diversion to the dry channel of an existing culvert underpass to the north of Gipsy Lane.  This option takes access via Stowmarket Road.
  • Option F – Diversion of users to existing routes to the south of Gipsy Lane.
  • Option G – Diversion of users to an existing private vehicle access bridge to the north of Gipsy Lane with access via Stowmarket Road.

The results of the 2015 public consultation indicated that there was overwhelming support for Option E – diversion of level crossing users to a dry channel of an existing culvert underpass approximately 230m to the north of Gipsy Lane.  This involves the creation of new footpaths through private land on both sides of the railway and linking with Stowmarket Road.

Map of Gipsy Lane level crosing

In order to create a route which is dry for most of the year and minimise the length of diversion, a raised concrete floor would be installed in the south arch of the culvert and the River Bat diverted to the north channel.

Cultvert at the south arch on the River Bat

Since the previous round of public consultation, flow monitoring of the River Bat which flows through the culvert has been undertaken and a flood model of the channel catchment has been developed.  The results  show that the best solution, which balances flood risk with user accessibility, would be achieved with a raised floor installed, allowing 2m headroom. In September 2019, this option was presented at public inquiry and a Rail Crossing Diversion Order subsequently confirmed by the inspector in November 2019.

The key benefits of the preferred option E solution are:

  • The scheme provides the opportunity to extend the local Public Right of Way network around Needham Market.
  • Users can be segregated from trains providing a safe walking route across the railway.
  • A new recreational walking route will be created alongside the River Gipping and River Bat.
  • The solution has minimal visual impact within the surrounding landscape.
  • Disruption to local residents can be minimised during construction.
  • Deep excavations close to residential properties are not required.
  • The scheme makes use of an existing structure.
  • Owing to the scale of works required, the proposed solution can be installed quickly and efficiently.
  • It is a lower cost solution enabling sustainable access across the railway.
  • The solution enables closure of two level crossings on a busy route.

The timeline below shows the process we will undertake.

Autumn 2015 – Public consultation

Winter 2015 – Analysis of consultation feedback

Autumn 2016 – Develop and appraise preferred option

Mid-2017 – Planning process

November 2019 – Decision to close crossing approved

December 2020 – Ongoing discussions with key stakeholders and landowners to confirm design and access plans

Works to close crossing – To be confirmed

Further Information

If you require this information in an alternative format or need help understanding it, please visit our Contact us page or call our 24 hour national helpline on: 03457 11 41 41