This measure reports all Category A Signals Passed At Danger (SPADs), where signals have been passed when a stop aspect, end of in-cab signalled movement authority, or indication (and any associated preceding cautionary indications) was displayed correctly and in sufficient time for the train to be stopped safely at the signal or end of in-cab movement authority.

(Ranked A to D where the train reached the fouling point)

Note: Previous years’ figures have been updated to reflect the outcome of investigations and re-categorisation of incidents.


In 2017/18 there was a rise in the number of SPADs that occurred on the Network for the first time since 2013/14.

There were 17 instances where the train reached the fouling point (the point on a pair of converging tracks where two trains would collide if allowed to approach together). This was a reduction from the 27 instances that occurred in 2016/17.

We continue to work with the rail industry to reduce SPAD risk, providing leadership in the modernisation of safety cooperation arrangements.