This measure reports all Signals Passed At Danger (SPADs), where signals have been passed when a stop aspect, end of in-cab signalled movement authority, or indication (and any associated preceding cautionary indications) was displayed correctly and in sufficient time for the train to be stopped safely at the signal or end of in-cab movement authority.

Signals passed at danger

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SPADs have risen this year with an increase in the number of instances where the train reached the fouling point.

There were 31 instances where the train reached the fouling point (the point on a pair of converging tracks where two trains would collide if allowed to approach together). This was a increase from the 25 events last year.