Extreme weather across Britain has put the railway at a higher risk of landslips.

We've dealt with multiple landslips in recent months, including one near East Grinstead in West Sussex on December 28; Storm Ciara last weekend worsened the damage, which we are still trying to fix permanently.

This weekend, at Eynsford in Kent, a landslip led to slow-running trains to keep passengers safe – the water running onto the line hit the live rail, which powers trains in South East England.

Once the water had slowed to a trickle we needed to shovel away muck from around the live rail. A 5mph speed restriction remained in the London-bound direction, causing delays of up to 10 minutes per train.

Another storm hasn't made repairs to existing landslips easy but our team at Bexleyheath line in Greater London have continued a big project over the past week to shore up the land by the railway despite the bad weather.

Read more about how we're responding to the disruption and damage caused by the recent storms.

What is a landslip?

Landslips happen on the railway when soil, rocks and earth fall on to and cover the track. This is often after long periods of heavy rain, when the ground becomes saturated with water.

How heavy rain can cause a landslip

Landslips can cause a lot of disruption and delays on the railway by obscuring the track. A train can’t swerve to avoid debris on the line, so we will often need to re-route services.

The landslip at Eynsford in Kent

Our specialist geotechnical engineers work across Britain to stabilise and repair weakened assets, enabling a network more resilient to future risk events, such as extreme weather.

What we do when there’s a landslip

Following an emergency like this, we deploy our engineers to carry out any immediate works to the affected areas; some of our previous weather-related emergency repair works includes stabilising hillsides and repairing cutting slopes.

Even after an initial landslip there continue to be concerns, so our engineers and contractors will assess the site and the damage before they can start to remove the debris from the track. Once a landslip has started to move, it’s much more likely that there will be further landslips.

Some of the slopes – or cuttings – on either side of our tracks need to be strengthened. This work to stabilise the earth can take time.

Gallery: landslip repairs on the Bexleyheath line in Greater London

How we’re reducing delays caused by landslips

  • It’s important we identify the sites prone to landslips to ensure we keep passengers and our engineers safe. We use helicopters equipped with laser imaging, detection and ranging to do this.
  • Where we know sites are at risk of landslip, we use motion sensors and CCTV to detect soil and rock movement. These sensors send an alarm to the signaller, who will stop the train if alerted and wait until the area has been inspected by engineers.
  • We can also stabilise the slope by putting in drainage or using steel rods or soil nails.
  • If these options are insufficient, we will re-profile the slope to reduce its angle, making it less prone to a landslip.
  • When we get flood warnings from the Environment Agency and Flood Forecasting Centre, we send people and equipment to the at-risk areas so we’re in a position to act quickly.

Dawlish: five years since the storm that collapsed the railway

Spotlight on earthworks

Climate change and weather resilience on the railway

The Great Fall: historic landslip images resurface