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Increasing capacity on the East Coast Main Line with a pioneering new tunnel

Werrington grade separation
Werrington Grade Separation

As part of our £1.2billion East Coast Upgrade, we’re increasing capacity for passenger trains on the East Coast Main Line by building a new two-track railway line that dives under it at Werrington, north of Peterborough.

The fly through video below visualises how the new dive under will look when in operation.

What are we doing?

The new line will remove constraints to the timetable caused by slower freight trains on the Great North Great Eastern (GNGE) route having to cross over the high-speed East Coast Main Line. 

The new dive under provides an alternative route by enabling the new two track railway to run underneath the East Coast Main Line instead, separating it from any high speed passenger traffic.

Diagram showing proposed end state track layout
Proposed end state track layout.
Click to view full PDF

Completed work

Milestones in progress

Despite national lockdowns due to COVID-19, work has progressed well. Changes to working procedures and processes, as well as some innovative thinking has allowed our colleagues to continue to work safely throughout lockdowns:

Lincoln Road Bridge 

Whilst the temporary Lincoln Road Bridge is in use, works have continued on the installation of an additional span to the existing Lincoln Road Bridge, which will allow the new dive-under lines to run underneath it. 

All the necessary piling has been completed the new bridge beams swung into place and services are in the process of being diverted into their final position..  

Once all works on the existing Lincoln Road Bridge are complete, the temporary bridge will be removed and the newly-extended bridge will be open to pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders. 

Lincoln Road Bridge works
The deck of the new bridge span on Lincoln Road

North Ramp

The north ramp has been constructed by installing 183 x 18 metre-long, 900mm diameter, rotary bored contiguous piles and over 900 x eight to 10 metre-long soil nails, finished with sprayed concrete facing.  In total 120,000m3 of soil and clay has been excavated to create one of two 940 metre ramps.

Final fit out of the north ramp commenced following the ‘curved box’ structure being pushed in to position in January 2021.

Guide Tunnels

In February 2020, our tunnel boring machine, named ‘Chloe and Georgia Whiteman’ after the daughters of Mark Whiteman, a colleague, who tragically passed away unexpectedly in 2019, was launched into the ground to begin the work of boring two three and a half metre diameter, 168 metre-long guide tunnels underneath the operational railway.  

Thanks to the state of art remote track monitoring equipment which constantly measured the position of tracks, tunnelling was successfully completed, unnoticed by the trains passing above, at the start of August 2020.   

The tunnels were fitted out with the required slide and guide plates inside to support the pushing of the ‘curved box’ into position under the East Coast Main Line. 

Metalwork by tunnel
Guide tunnel

South Ramp and South Dive Under Entrance

Mirroring the north ramp, a second 940 metre ramp is being constructed to the south of the dive-under, in the enlarged area made by the slewing of the Stamford Lines. 

The Reception Pit, which was used to receive and recover the tunnel boring machine from the ground, was completed in April 2020. Works included the installation of 66 x 18-meter-long bored contiguous piles and the excavation of over 2,000m3 of soil and clay. 

Piling for the South Ramp was completed in August 2020, which has now allowed excavation of the ramps to commence. 

The South Ramp consists of 693no. 900mm diameter, bored contiguous piles up to 18m in length, and a further 340 metres of 10 metre sheet piles. 

By relocating the Stamford Lines at an earlier stage has enabled the South Ramp to be constructed with no impact to the operational railway or passengers. 

Dive under works

Dive-under Structure

Curved box being pushed under the East Coast Main Line

From March 2020 work began to build the dive-under structure. 

The ‘curved box’ was built next to the East Coast Main Line in nine, interconnected sections. The structure is 155m long, 9.5m wide and 5.1m high, with 1m thick walls and soffit. 

It weighs just over 11,000 tonnes, with is 1,000 tonnes heavier than the Eiffel Tower! 

The ‘curved box’ was pushed under the East Coast Main Line using large jacks to propel and steer it during January 2021. 

A trial push took place in December 2020, when the box was pushed forwarded by 16 metres to allow the structure to be weighed, the centre of gravity to be identified and all equipment to be calibrated and checked.

The curved box side view
The curved box aerial view

Signalling Modifications

Over Christmas 2020, a bespoke signalling solution was installed and tested on the two ‘Stamford’ tracks running alongside the construction site. This work enabled a partial train service to continue to run on the East Coast Main Line while the tunnel was being pushed into place in January 2021.

The big push

During a nine-day partial closure of the East Coast Main Line in January 2021, the 11,000 tonne, 155-metre curved concrete box tunnel was pushed into place.

Time-lapse footage below shows the 11,000 tonne curved concrete box being pushed under the East Coast Main Line..

Whilst hydraulic jacks at the rear pushed the tunnel portal forwards at just 150cm per hour, excavators at the front broke away the guide tunnels to reveal the glide plates to guide and steer the tunnel into position.

This is the first time that a curved concrete box has been installed using this industry-leading engineering technique in the UK.

Teams removed three of the tracks, lifted the overhead wires and dug out spoil from the site. Once the tunnel was eventually underneath, they then put everything back in place ready for regular services to resume.

Curved box aerial view
Curved box entrance aerial view

Look ahead

There are two further phases planned for this project.

Keeping you informed

Keeping you informed

This project is one of the most significant on the East Coast Main Line and involves major construction activity that has the potential to be disruptive to residents and businesses at specific points in time. We will continue to everyone affected in advance of this type of work.

Unfortunately, the series of community events have been cancelled due to Covid-19. We endeavour to re-start these as soon as possible. We are sorry for any inconvenience caused.

Contact us

To get more information on the East Coast Upgrade please visit our contact us page or call our national helpline on 03457 11 41 41 or you can contact us on Twitter @ECMLupgrade.

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