Cookies and networkrail.co.uk. We use cookies to give you the best experience on our website. If you continue, we'll assume that you are happy to receive them.
You can read more about how we use cookies, and turn them off, on this page.

Euston Station, London

Archive/Image Reference

-


Title of Original Drawing

-


Author

Name goes here


Description of Drawing

-


Date of Creation

00/00/0000


Scale of Original Drawing

-

 
 
  • Image 1 of 6
    NRCA120047TH2
    Euston Station Reconstruction ...
  • Image 2 of 6
    NRCA120048TH2
    Euston Station Reconstruction...
  • Image 3 of 6
    NRCA120046TH2
    Plan of Old Euston...
  • Image 4 of 6
    NRCA120049TH2
    Elevations...
  • Image 5 of 6
    NRCA120050TH2
    Sections...
  • Image 6 of 6
    NRCA120051TH2
    Concourse Level Plan...
NRCA120048TH1
Euston Station Reconstruction

Did you know?

Euston was named after the family seat of the Dukes of Grafton, Euston Hall in Norfolk. The site of Euston Station was still farmland when the terminus was proposed to be built there in 1833.

Euston Station was the capital’s first mainline station and the first to connect London with another city. The original Euston station opened in 1837 but was completely rebuilt in conjunction with the electrification of the West Coast Main Line in the 1960s. Like it or loathe it, the new Euston represented a new era in British railway history.

The London & Birmingham Railway were authorised by Parliament to build their line between the two cities in May 1833. The engineers of the line, George and Robert Stephenson, had always planned their London terminus for Euston Square, but objections from landowners forced them to relocate it to Chalk Farm to get the bill passed. With permission secured, George Stephenson stepped back from the project and his son Robert took charge as chief engineer. By 1835 he had authorisation to build his terminus at Euston Square as originally planned, and a simple train shed was built with two platforms, one for arrivals and one for departures with tracks between to store carriages. This was shortly accompanied by a grand ‘Doric Arch’ gateway, designed by Philip Hardwick as an impressive entrance to the terminus site. Euston station opened on 20 July 1837 along with the line as far as Boxmoor. The first inter city journey from London to Birmingham was made by the directors of the Company on 17 September 1838.

By the early 1840s Euston was getting overcrowded as lines from the Midlands and the North East made use of the station as their entrance to London. In 1846 the station began its first major expansion, and after the formation of the London & North Western Railway in the same year, the building work included the headquarters for the new company which also formed the entrance to the station. Known as the ‘Great Hall’, it was situated between the Doric Arch and the station platforms.

By the 1870s, passenger and parcel traffic had once more outgrown the capacity of the station; two new platforms, additional service roads and an additional entrance were created. By the 1890s, the Terminus had been enlarged once more, with four more platforms being created, bringing the total to 15; 14 for passengers and 1 for parcels.

There was no further expansion to the station after the 1890s, although during the 1930s the London Midland & Scottish Railway had drawn up plans for its redevelopment. After the Second World War and the formation of British Railways, plans for an overhaul of the terminus were revisited. By the 1950s, steam locomotives were being phased out, and BR’s London Midland Region took the decision to completely rebuild Euston as part of the electrification of the main line between London and the North West of England. It was decided that a bold new station was needed which reflected a new, modern railway era.

Phase one of the Euston redevelopment concentrated on the movement of passenger and parcel trains. The restrictions of the original site layout meant that the redevelopment had to make use of the land occupied by the Great Hall and the Doric Arch which were demolished in 1962. A total of 18 platforms were built; 15 for passengers, 3 for parcels. During this phase and to allow services to reach Euston during the redevelopment, 11 platforms had to remain operational at this time while other services were diverted to Paddington, St Pancras and Marylebone. Reconstruction also included the construction of two track bays, a parcels deck, signal box, staff buildings and workshops using a combination of building work on site and precast units. Building work started in 1962 and was completed in 1966 with the newly electrified main line.

Phase two focused on the passenger station. A spacious, open concourse over two levels provided new access to London Underground services, shops, restaurants and a new travel centre - the first ‘one stop shop’ concept where passengers could buy tickets, book sleeper and ferry services and hotel accommodation in one place. The station design specifically separated the movement of passengers and road traffic; vehicles circulated in the taxi, short stay and multi storey car park facilities underneath the main concourse building. The only elements of the old station that were kept were the LNWR war memorial in Euston Square, the two lodges on Euston Road and the statue of Robert Stephenson by Carlo Marochetti which was re-erected in the station plaza.

Since its reopening in 1968 there has been little change to the overall design of Euston station, although in the late 1970s a bus terminal and three office blocks were added to the plaza to the front of the station. Several plans for the redevelopment of the area have been put forward in recent years; whatever its future, Euston Station remains one of Network Rail’s busiest and significant stations.

Page first created: Wednesday, July 25, 2012
Page last updated: Thursday, July 26, 2012

1807

Richard Trevithick’s pioneering demonstration of his “Catch Me Who Can” steam locomotive took place near the site of Euston Station

 

1830

George and Robert Stephenson were appointed engineers to the London & Birmingham Railway

 

1832

the first bill to build a railway between London & Birmingham with a terminus at Euston Square was rejected by the House of Lords

 

1833

a second bill was accepted after the site of the terminus was relocated to Chalk Farm

 

1835

authorisation was obtained by the London & Birmingham Railway to build its terminus at Euston Square, the original planned site

 

1837

20 July: Euston station opened along with the line as far a Boxmoor

 

1838

May: Philip Hardwick’s ‘Doric Arch’ completed

 

1846

Expansion work at Euston Station begins, and is completed in 1849. The London and North Western Railway company is formed, an amalgamation of the London and Birmingham, Grand Junction, Liverpool and Manchester and Manchester and Birmingham railways

 

1847

the goods locomotive roundhouse and goods yard is developed on the site of the London & Birmingham’s planned station at Chalk Farm. The roundhouse is now the Roundhouse Theatre

 

1849

May: The Great Hall opens as a new HQ for the LNWR and entrance to the station

 

1869

further enlargement of Euston takes place with two lodges built on Euston Road with carved stones advertising LNWR destinations. These have been converted into pubs

 

1870

platforms at Euston are extended

 

1874

the name ‘Euston’ is carved into the Doric Arch

 

1890s

further expansion brought the total platforms at Euston to 15

 

1921

the LNWR war memorial, designed by Reginald Wynn was completed. Additional plaques commemorating those railway men and women who lost their lives in the Second World War were added later

 

1923

railway grouping means Euston Station is taken on by the newly formed London Midland and Scottish Railway

 

1938

LMS unveils plans for rebuilding Euston, which were abandoned at the start of the second world war

 

1950s

BR (London Midland Region) decided to rebuild Euston as part of the electrification of the main line. The new station is designed by British Rail’s regional architect, R. L. Moorcroft and team

 

1961

Taylor Woodrow are awarded the contract to build the new station. Euston’s Doric Arch and Great Hall are demolished

 

1968

the new Euston station is opened by Queen Elizabeth

 

1979

three new office blocks, designed by Richard Seiffert, open in the plaza in front of the station

 

2009

Euston plaza is refurbished by Network Rail

 
NRCA120006TH1a

King's Cross, London | Stations

The story of King's cross is one of decline and renewal.  Commended for its simplicity when it opened, the station soon became overcrowded as rail traffic increased in the nineteenth century.  Although a major transport hub, the twentieth century was not kind to the station, but recent investment in both the infrastructure and the surrounding area has made King's Cross a destination station once again. 
Read more

 

NRCA110012TH1

St Pancras International, London | Stations

St Pancras is a nineteenth century station which delivers to the Capital a twenty first century regional, intercity, continental and high speed railway. Owned by HS1 Limited and managed by Network Rail, today it is a key London interchange and the very definition of a ‘destination station’.
Read more

 

NRCA110074TH1

Manchester Piccadilly | Stations

Manchester was already at the heart of industrial revolution when the railway came to the city in 1830. The potential to link the city with other industrial towns and cities has made Manchester an important centre for railway investment.
Read more

 

Front elevation and end towers

Britannia Bridge, North Wales | Bridges and Viaducts

The Britannia Bridge made use of Robert Stephenson’s iron tubular bridge design. When built it had the longest continuous wrought iron span in the world. Devastated by fire in 1970 the bridge was rebuilt using the masonry supports in Stephenson’s original structure. 
Read more

 
 
 
 
Comments & Suggestions (1)

Your comments and suggestions are welcomed. Please note that all submissions will be reviewed and will be dealt with in accordance with our terms and conditions of website use. We reserve the right not to publish any comments or suggestions. Your [user name] will be displayed as provided and all personal information will be dealt with in accordance with the terms of our privacy policy. Please ensure that you have read our terms and conditions of website use and our privacy policy in full prior to submitting any comments or suggestions.

 

 Do you have pictures of the blue chairs with a small tv screen attached that were in station in 1977/78? They cost 10p to operate

Posted by Steve, Thursday, July 18, 2013.


Add a comment

Name

 
Please enter your name

Email

 
Please enter a valid email address

Your comment (500 character limit)  

Please enter your comment


 

See also

Signature of Robert Stephenson, 1847

Robert Stephenson

Robert Stephenson built on the considerable achievements of his father, George. His forward thinking enabled the significant expansion of railways during the ‘railway mania’ of the mid nineteenth century. His expertise in both civil and mechanical engineering established the concept of the railway which developed in this country, and was then exported to the world.   Read more


Related Links

Network Rail Links

External Links


Merchandise advert