Cookies and networkrail.co.uk. We use cookies to give you the best experience on our website. If you continue, we'll assume that you are happy to receive them.
You can read more about how we use cookies, and turn them off, on this page.

  • Performance

    The number of trains that arrive on time has risen dramatically since we took over the running of Britain's railway in October 2002

  • Public performance measure

    The public performance measure (PPM) shows the percentage of trains which arrive at their terminating station on time.

    It combines figures for punctuality and reliability into a single performance measure. It is the industry standard measurement of performance.

    Performance for 16 October - 12 November (Period 8)

    The national PPM is 85.1%.

    This compares to 84.3% for the same period last year.

    The moving annual average (MAA) is 87.9%.

    Performance 2002-2016

    PPM trend graph

    Performance by train operator

    The table below shows the average PPM for Britain as a whole and by train operating company. The moving annual average is calculated over the 365 days to 12 November.

    Train Operating Company
    PPM % period 8, 2015/16 
    PPM % period 8, 2016/17 
    PPM Moving annual average (MAA)
    Abellio Greater Anglia 86.0 86.8 89.2
    Arriva Trains Wales 90.1 88.6 91.7
    c2c Rail 96.5 93.3 95.0
    Caledonian Sleeper 83.2 87.4 86.2
    Chiltern 92.8 93.2 93.1
    Crosscountry 85.1 86.5 89.6
    East Midlands Trains 89.5 87.5 92.2
    First Hull Trains 78.3 82.4 83.2
    Transpennine Express 75.0 88.1 87.6
    Govia Thameslink Railway 74.2 69.9 75.6
    Grand Central 83.3 85.9 84.7
    Great Western Railway 85.0 85.0 89.1
    Heathrow Express 90.1 90.6 90.9
    London Midland 83.6 85.7 89.1
    London Overground 92.5 94.8 94.7
    Merseyrail 93.4 94.5 95.3
    Northern 84.3 88.5 91.2
    ScotRail 83.3 87.0 89.8
    Southeastern 82.3 84.4 86.3
    Stagecoach South West Trains 86.8 85.5 88.3
    TfL Rail 94.8 94.9 94.2
    Virgin Trains East Coast 80.3 80.9 82.7
    Virgin Trains West Coast 86.4 90.5 87.1
           
    Total England & Wales Performance 84.3  85.1  87.9 

    Delay split by franchised operator

    Notes:

    • The measure of train punctuality also known as PPM (public performance measure) means trains arriving at their terminating station within five minutes for commuter services and within 10 minutes for long distance services.
    • This measure of punctuality is commonly used throughout Europe.
    • National train punctuality is measured for all trains across the whole network, including cancelled services and delays caused by external factors (such as vandalism, extreme weather, suicides etc).
    • Punctuality was not recorded in this thorough way until 1997. Before then Railtrack, and British Rail before that, did not measure all services and also excluded external factors and other items from their numbers.
    • These figures represent provisional data for the period and individual operators' performance data may vary slightly from the full period performance report that we publishes on our website every month.
    • Network Rail and the train operators run more trains across Great Britain than are run in most European countries - almost 20% more than in France and 60% more than in Italy.
    • Britain's 24,000 trains per-day is also more than Spain, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Portugal and Norway combined.

    Franchise changes

    • Virgin Trains East Coast took over from East Coast on 1 March 2015.
    • For clarity we began to report Virgin Trains as Virgin Trains West Coast from 1 March 2015.
    • Caledonian Sleeper took over sleeper services from First ScotRail on 31 March 2015.
    • ScotRail took over from First ScotRail on 1 April 2015.
    • TfL Rail took over the London Liverpool Street to Shenfield metro services from Abellio Greater Anglia on 31 May 2015
    • London Overground took over the London Liverpool Street to Enfield Town/Cheshunt/Chingford services as well as the Romford to Upminster service from Abellio Greater Anglia on 31 May 2015
    • Govia Thameslink Railway took over the Southern franchise on 26 July 2015
    • First Great Western was rebranded Great Western Railway on 20 September 2015.

    A breakdown of each operator's performance, known as sub-operator PPM, is available to download:

    Sub-operator PPM figures for Period 08, 16/17  

    Cancellation and significant lateness (CaSL)

    A train is counted as being a CaSL failure if:

    • It is cancelled at origin.
    • It is cancelled en route.
    • The originating station is changed.
    • It fails to make a scheduled stop at a station.
    • It is significantly late (ie it arrives at its terminating station 30 minutes or more late).

    CaSL is not a regulated measure for Scottish train operators.

    The moving annual average is calculated over 365 days to 12 November.

    Train Operating Company
    CaSL % period 8, 2015/16 
    CaSL % period 8, 2016/17 
    CaSL Moving annual average (MAA)
    Abellio Greater Anglia 2.9 2.8 3.0
    Arriva Trains Wales 2.8 4.1 2.9
    c2c Rail 1.3 2.0 1.8
    Chiltern 1.3 2.1 2.0
    Crosscountry 4.4 3.9 3.9
    East Midlands Trains 1.9 3.8 2.3
    First Hull Trains 5.8 4.8 6.6
    Transpennine Express 10.8 3.9 5.9
    Govia Thameslink Railway 6.0 11.1 8.3
    Grand Central 6.9 3.8 5.5
    Great Western Railway 3.0 3.5 2.9
    Heathrow Express 1.0 0.5 2.4
    London Midland 3.0 3.2 2.7
    London Overground 3.2 1.8 2.1
    Merseyrail 2.2 2.3 1.9
    Northern 2.3 1.6 1.9
    Southeastern 3.4 3.7 3.8
    Stagecoach South West Trains 2.5 3.0 3.3
    TfL Rail 1.9 2.1 2.9
    Virgin Trains East Coast 5.9 5.9 7.0
    Virgin Trains West Coast 2.9 2.7 4.4
           
    Total England & Wales Performance 3.4   4.2  3.8 

    Delay split by franchised operator
     

    Average lateness

    This measures the average lateness of a passenger as they alight from their train.

    For each train, this is calculated by multiplying the number of passengers expected to alight at main stations by the punctuality to the nearest minute at those stops.

    If the train is cancelled, we calculate it by multiplying the number of expected passengers by 1.5 times the service frequency on that route.

     
    Average lateness in minutes
    period 8, 2016/17 
    Average lateness in minutes,
    moving annual average
    National 3.4 2.8
    Long Distance 5.4 4.8
    London & South East 3.3 2.8
    Regional 2.4 1.9
    Scotland 2.5 2.1
    England & Wales 3.4 2.9

    Right-time performance

    Right-time is an unreliable measure of performance and particularly does not represent the results and experience of passengers serviced by long-distance operators who enjoy some of the very best passenger satisfaction levels in the industry.

    Right-time performance measures the percentage of trains arriving at their terminating station early or within 59 seconds of schedule. The process for gathering data of this accuracy is currently not 100% reliable and the industry is working on improving the quality of this information to make right-time data more reliable.

    The moving annual average is calculated over 365 days to 12 November.

    Train Operating Company
    Right time %
    period 8, 2015/16 
    Right time %
    period 8, 2016/17 
    Right time moving annual
    average (MAA)
    Abellio Greater Anglia 58.5 58.6 65.4
    Arriva Trains Wales 79.4 76.0 79.9
    c2c Rail 80.5 62.0 72.9
    Caledonian Sleeper 67.7 70.7 76.5
    Chiltern 81.8 83.9 80.1
    Crosscountry 32.4 33.9 42.5
    East Midlands Trains 61.2 60.3 70.4
    First Hull Trains 35.0 33.9 39.3
    Transpennine Express 33.9 46.0 50.6
    Govia Thameslink Railway 42.2 42.0 46.7
    Grand Central 32.8 43.4 43.2
    Great Western Railway 60.9 61.1 67.8
    Heathrow Express 65.9 63.7 66.1
    London Midland 57.0 60.0 65.9
    London Overground 73.3 76.1 76.9
    Merseyrail 59.4 64.8 67.8
    Northern 57.3 63.4 70.9
    ScotRail 43.3 49.7 55.1
    Southeastern 49.3 55.9 58.0
    Stagecoach South West Trains 60.5 57.8 63.2
    TfL Rail 80.5 81.1 82.4
    Virgin Trains East Coast 45.2 42.4 50.6
    Virgin Trains West Coast 45.5 56.9 56.9
           
    Total National Performance 55.8 58.0 63.0

    Delay split by franchised operator
     

    Delay split

    The delay split shows who was responsible for passenger train delays of 3 minutes or more.

    • Network Rail caused delays: as well as infrastructure faults this figure includes external factors such as weather, trespass, vandalism, cable theft and fatalities which account for approximately one third of the delays attributed to us and 20% of all national delays.
    • Train operator caused to self: delays to a passenger train operating company's services that are caused by that company.
    • Caused by other train operators: delays to a passenger train operators services that are caused by another train company.

    The delay split was calculated over 365 days to 12 November.

    Network Rail Train operator caused to self Caused by other train operators
    61% 29% 10%

  • Delay Split by Operator: Period 8 (16 October 2016 to 12 November 2016)

     

    Attributed to Network Rail

         
    Operator Infrastructure Operations & Other External (inc. weather, fatalities etc.) Total Train operator caused to self Caused by other passenger train operators Caused by freight train operators
    Abellio Greater Anglia 30% 15% 14% 59% 33% 4% 4%
    Arriva Trains Wales 16% 14% 19% 50% 39% 5% 6%
    c2c Rail 61% 5% 4% 70% 30% 0% 0%
    Chiltern 18% 15% 10% 44% 37% 8% 11%
    Crosscountry 21% 18% 16% 55% 12% 21% 12%
    East Midlands Trains 36% 17% 14% 66% 18% 11% 5%
    First Hull Trains 31% 13% 12% 56% 15% 25% 3%
    Transpennine Express 21% 17% 18% 56% 16% 24% 4%
    Govia Thameslink Railway 14% 38% 14% 66% 30% 2% 1%
    Grand Central 34% 13% 12% 59% 10% 27% 4%
    Great Western Railway 30% 17% 18% 65% 21% 7% 7%
    Heathrow Express 35% 20% 10% 65% 10% 21% 5%
    London Midland 16% 17% 13% 46% 31% 13% 10%
    London Overground 17% 35% 11% 62% 17% 16% 4%
    Merseyrail 12% 35% 11% 58% 39% 3% 0%
    Northern 18% 16% 18% 52% 34% 11% 3%
    ScotRail 18% 14% 23% 54% 37% 6% 3%
    Southeastern 29% 24% 18% 71% 24% 1% 4%
    Stagecoach South West Trains 21% 36% 13% 71% 25% 2% 2%
    TfL Rail 23% 18% 20% 61% 29% 6% 3%
    Virgin Trains East Coast 33% 10% 16% 60% 24% 13% 3%
    Virgin Trains West Coast 31% 14% 19% 64% 15% 14% 7%
     

    Delay Split by Operator: MAA (365 days to 12 November 2016)

     

    Attributed to Network Rail

         
    Operator Infrastructure Operations & Other External (inc. weather, fatalities etc.) NR Total Train operator caused to self Caused by other passenger train operators Caused by freight train operators
    Abellio Greater Anglia 29% 13% 20% 63% 29% 4% 5%
    Arriva Trains Wales 18% 15% 17% 50% 41% 5% 3%
    c2c Rail 26% 10% 17% 52% 45% 1% 2%
    Chiltern 19% 16% 13% 48% 42% 6% 4%
    Crosscountry 28% 16% 20% 64% 10% 19% 7%
    East Midlands Trains 30% 15% 20% 64% 19% 11% 5%
    First Hull Trains 32% 12% 26% 70% 12% 17% 2%
    Transpennine Express 25% 14% 20% 60% 16% 20% 4%
    Govia Thameslink Railway 17% 29% 12% 58% 38% 2% 1%
    Grand Central 33% 12% 20% 65% 11% 22% 3%
    Great Western Railway 27% 20% 16% 62% 26% 6% 6%
    Heathrow Express 34% 25% 10% 69% 10% 16% 4%
    London Midland 23% 16% 17% 56% 28% 11% 5%
    London Overground 20% 26% 13% 59% 19% 17% 6%
    Merseyrail 14% 32% 13% 59% 38% 3% 0%
    Northern 22% 14% 19% 55% 33% 9% 3%
    ScotRail 21% 16% 16% 54% 38% 5% 3%
    Southeastern 28% 24% 18% 70% 26% 2% 2%
    Stagecoach South West Trains 27% 20% 22% 70% 26% 3% 2%
    TfL Rail 19% 21% 22% 62% 26% 9% 3%
    Virgin Trains East Coast 29% 11% 28% 68% 20% 9% 3%
    Virgin Trains West Coast 31% 15% 27% 73% 13% 9% 5%

     


  • How punctuality is measured

    PPM measures the performance of individual trains advertised as passenger services against their planned timetable as agreed between the operator and Network Rail at 22:00 the night before. PPM is therefore the percentage of trains 'on time' compared to the total number of trains planned.

    A train is defined as on time if it arrives at the destination within five minutes (ie 4 minutes 59 seconds or less) of the planned arrival time for London and South East or regional services, or 10 minutes (ie 9 minutes 59 seconds or less) for long distance services.

    Where a train fails to run its entire planned route calling at all timetabled stations it will count as a PPM failure.

    Note: unless specified otherwise, all data on and linked from this page is for initial indications only and is subject to change in subsequent publications.

  • Train delays explained

    Delays explained 190x90 The common causes of delays - and what we're doing to reduce their frequency and impact.