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  • Performance

    The number of trains that arrive on time has risen dramatically since we took over the running of Britain's railway in October 2002

  • Public performance measure

    The public performance measure (PPM) shows the percentage of trains which arrive at their terminating station on time.

    It combines figures for punctuality and reliability into a single performance measure. It is the industry standard measurement of performance.

    Performance for 3 May to 30 May 2015 (period 2)

    The national PPM is 91.8%.

    This compares to 91.8% for the same period last year.

    The moving annual average (MAA) is 89.6%.

    Performance 2002-2015

    PPM trend graph

    Performance by train operator

    The table below shows the average PPM for Britain as a whole and by train operating company. The moving annual average is calculated over the 365 days to 30 May 2015.

    Train operating company PPM %
    Period 2, 2014/15
    PPM %
    Period 2, 2015/16
    PPM moving annual
    average (MAA)
    Abellio Greater Anglia 92.6 91.0 90.9
    Arriva Trains Wales 92.5 95.1 93.3
    c2c Rail 97.3 96.1 97.1
    Caledonian Sleeper 98.2 91.7 91.0
    Chiltern 97.8 93.9 94.6
    Crosscountry 91.5 92.4 88.8
    East Midlands Trains 91.6 95.4 92.6
    First Great Western 91.6 90.7 88.6
    First Hull Trains 91.6 87.9 87.5
    First Transpennine Express 91.1 91.2 88.5
    Govia Thameslink Railway 86.2 88.0 85.2
    Grand Central 84.7 87.0 88.3
    Heathrow Express 94.4 94.8 92.4
    London Midland 88.9 90.2 87.9
    London Overground 96.0 95.6 94.9
    Merseyrail 97.0 96.1 95.5
    Northern Rail 93.2 93.5 90.8
    ScotRail 95.3 94.5 90.4
    Southeastern 91.0 90.3 89.4
    Southern 87.3 86.4 82.8
    Stagecoach South West Trains 92.4 92.6 90.1
    Virgin Trains East Coast 92.3 88.7 88.2
    Virgin Trains West Coast 78.6 89.3 85.2
    National 91.8 91.8 89.6

    Delay split by franchised operator

    Notes:

    • The measure of train punctuality also known as PPM (public performance measure) means trains arriving at their terminating station within five minutes for commuter services and within 10 minutes for long distance services.
    • This measure of punctuality is commonly used throughout Europe.
    • National train punctuality is measured for all trains across the whole network, including cancelled services and delays caused by external factors (such as vandalism, extreme weather, suicides etc).
    • Punctuality was not recorded in this thorough way until 1997. Before then Railtrack, and British Rail before that, did not measure all services and also excluded external factors and other items from their numbers.
    • These figures represent provisional data for the period and individual operators' performance data may vary slightly from the full period performance report that we publishes on our website every month.
    • Network Rail and the train operators run more trains across Great Britain than are run in most European countries - almost 20% more than in France and 60% more than in Italy.
    • Britain's 24,000 trains per-day is also more than Spain, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Portugal and Norway combined.

    Franchise changes

    • Virgin Trains East Coast took over from East Coast on 1 March 2015.
    • For clarity we began to report Virgin Trains as Virgin Trains West Coast from 1 March 2015.
    • Caledonian Sleeper took over sleeper services from First ScotRail on 31 March 2015.
    • ScotRail took over from First ScotRail on 1 April 2015.

    Sub-operator performance

    A breakdown of each operator's performance, known as sub-operator PPM, is available to download:

    Sub-operator PPM, period 2 2015/16

    Cancellation and significant lateness (CaSL)

    A train is counted as being a CaSL failure if:

    • It is cancelled at origin
    • It is cancelled en route
    • The originating station is changed
    • It fails to make a scheduled stop at a station
    • It is significantly late (ie it arrives at its terminating station 30 minutes or more late)

    CaSL is not a regulated measure for Scottish train operators.

    The moving annual average is calculated over 365 days to 30 May 2015.

    Train operating company CaSL %
    Period 2, 2014/15
    CaSL %
    Period 2, 2015/16
    CaSL moving annual
    average (MAA)
    Abellio Greater Anglia 2.4 2.5 2.6
    Arriva Trains Wales 2.9 1.8 2.5
    c2c Rail 1.2 2.0 1.2
    Chiltern 0.7 2.3 1.7
    Crosscountry 3.1 2.3 4.5
    East Midlands Trains 2.9 1.0 1.9
    First Great Western 2.0 2.5 3.1
    First Hull Trains 2.2 3.4 5.2
    First Transpennine Express 3.2 3.8 4.4
    Govia Thameslink Railway 4.0 3.8 4.4
    Grand Central 5.2 2.8 3.9
    Heathrow Express 1.2 0.6 1.7
    London Midland 3.1 2.1 2.8
    London Overground 2.2 1.8 1.9
    Merseyrail 1.4 1.4 1.9
    Northern Rail 1.2 1.3 1.8
    Southeastern 2.2 2.9 2.8
    Southern 3.6 4.0 5.0
    Stagecoach South West Trains 2.3 2.0 2.7
    Virgin Trains East Coast 2.4 3.7 3.8
    Virgin Trains West Coast 6.3 2.9 4.9
    Total England & Wales 2.5 2.4 2.9

    Delay split by franchised operator


    Average lateness

    This measures the average lateness of a passenger as they alight from their train.

    For each train, this is calculated by multiplying the number of passengers expected to alight at main stations by the punctuality to the nearest minute at those stops.

    If the train is cancelled, we calculate it by multiplying the number of expected passengers by 1.5 times the service frequency on that route.

    Category Average lateness in minutes,
    period 2 2015/16
    Average lateness in minutes,
    moving annual average (MAA)
    National 2.1 2.5
    Long Distance 3.7 4.8
    London & South East 2.0 2.3
    Regional 1.6 2.0
    Scotland 1.3 2.1
    England & Wales 2.1 2.5

    Right-time performance

    Right-time is an unreliable measure of performance and particularly does not represent the results and experience of passengers serviced by long-distance operators who enjoy some of the very best passenger satisfaction levels in the industry.

    Right-time performance measures the percentage of trains arriving at their terminating station early or within 59 seconds of schedule. The process for gathering data of this accuracy is currently not 100% reliable and the industry is working on improving the quality of this information to make right-time data more reliable.

    The moving annual average is calculated over 365 days to 30 May 2015.

    Train operating company Right time %
    Period 2, 2014/15
    Right time %
    Period 2, 2015/16
    Right time moving annual
    average (MAA)
    Abellio Greater Anglia 72.4 68.6 68.1
    Arriva Trains Wales 82.7 86.8 84.4
    c2c Rail 85.6 84.0 84.8
    Caledonian Sleeper 89.0 82.5 75.3
    Chiltern 91.0 85.2 85.0
    Crosscountry 44.9 46.2 41.9
    East Midlands Trains 69.0 77.3 70.9
    First Great Western 71.6 71.3 67.3
    First Hull Trains 73.7 50.0 55.0
    First Transpennine Express 58.0 59.7 50.0
    Govia Thameslink Railway 65.2 66.5 62.8
    Grand Central 50.4 52.4 47.8
    Heathrow Express 74.3 72.5 69.7
    London Midland 65.2 66.2 63.3
    London Overground 83.8 80.3 79.2
    Merseyrail 75.0 74.3 70.1
    Northern Rail 76.3 76.3 70.8
    ScotRail 66.5 64.7 57.4
    Southeastern 61.9 64.5 61.5
    Southern 54.3 55.3 50.1
    Stagecoach South West Trains 69.7 72.7 66.2
    Virgin Trains East Coast 69.8 61.1 59.5
    Virgin Trains West Coast 40.9 56.7 51.7

    Delay split by franchised operator


    Delay split

    The delay split shows who was responsible for passenger train delays of 3 minutes or more.

    • Network Rail caused delays: as well as infrastructure faults this figure includes external factors such as weather, trespass, vandalism, cable theft and fatalities which account for approximately one third of the delays attributed to us and 20% of all national delays.
    • Train operator caused to self: delays to a passenger train operating company's services that are caused by that company.
    • Caused by other train operators: delays to a passenger train operators services that are caused by another train company.

    The delay split was calculated over 365 days to 30 May 2015.

    Network Rail Train operator caused to self Caused by other train operators
    60% 28% 11%

  • Delay split by franchised operator for 365 days to 30 May 2015

     
     

    Attributed to Network Rail

       
    Tain operating company Infrastructure Operations
    & other e.g Possesions overrun
    External, including weather, fatalities etc Total Caused by other train operators Train operators caused to self
    Abellio Greater Anglia 30% 18% 16% 63% 6% 31%
    Arriva Trains Wales 20% 14% 14% 47% 13% 39%
    c2c Rail 33% 11% 18% 62% 4% 34%
    Chiltern 17% 12% 15% 44% 12% 45%
    Crosscountry 26% 18% 16% 60% 29% 11%
    East Midlands Trains 25% 19% 16% 60% 19% 21%
    First Great Western 25% 20% 16% 61% 12% 27%
    First Hull Trains 31% 17% 22% 70% 19% 12%
    First Transpennine Express 24% 17% 17% 58% 25% 17%
    Govia Thameslink Railway 24% 21% 16% 61% 13% 26%
    Grand Central 31% 18% 17% 66% 22% 12%
    Heathrow Express 30% 21% 10% 60% 21% 19%
    London Midland 26% 16% 13% 55% 18% 27%
    London Overground 23% 25% 11% 59% 24% 17%
    Merseyrail 19% 22% 16% 57% 2% 41%
    Northern Rail 20% 14% 15% 50% 13% 37%
    ScotRail 23% 17% 15% 54% 10% 36%
    Southeastern 27% 19% 16% 62% 6% 32%
    Southern 26% 26% 10% 62% 7% 31%
    Stagecoach South West Trains 27% 23% 19% 69% 6% 26%
    Virgin Trains East Coast 31% 18% 18% 67% 14% 19%
    Virgin Trains West Coast 36% 16% 17% 69% 17% 14%

    Delay split by franchised operator, 3 May to 30 May 2015 (period 2)

     

    Attributed to Network Rail

       
    Train operating company Infrastructure Operations
    & other e.g Possesions overrun
    External, including weather, fatalities etc Total Caused by other train operator Train operator caused to self
    Abellio Greater Anglia 27% 19% 13% 59% 8% 33%
    Arriva Trains Wales 23% 20% 10% 54% 10% 36%
    c2c Rail 12% 10% 41% 63% 4% 33%
    Chiltern 19% 11% 11% 42% 6% 53%
    Crosscountry 28% 19% 16% 63% 26% 11%
    East Midlands Trains 27% 21% 11% 59% 22% 19%
    First Great Western 27% 17% 22% 66% 9% 25%
    First Hull Trains 43% 16% 18% 77% 19% 4%
    First Transpennine Express 25% 18% 17% 60% 24% 16%
    Govia Thameslink Railway 27% 16% 17% 60% 13% 28%
    Grand Central 37% 15% 17% 68% 21% 10%
    Heathrow Express 28% 20% 9% 56% 17% 27%
    London Midland 32% 16% 15% 63% 14% 23%
    London Overground 16% 24% 10% 51% 30% 18%
    Merseyrail 12% 24% 6% 41% 5% 54%
    Northern Rail 19% 15% 15% 50% 13% 38%
    ScotRail 21% 15% 11% 48% 13% 39%
    Southeastern 41% 17% 11% 68% 3% 29%
    Southern 32% 21% 8% 61% 7% 32%
    Stagecoach South West Trains 37% 21% 8% 67% 4% 29%
    Virgin Trains East Coast 36% 12% 19% 68% 12% 20%
    Virgin Trains West Coast 41% 19% 15% 75% 13% 12%

  • How punctuality is measured

    PPM measures the performance of individual trains advertised as passenger services against their planned timetable as agreed between the operator and Network Rail at 22:00 the night before. PPM is therefore the percentage of trains 'on time' compared to the total number of trains planned.

    A train is defined as on time if it arrives at the destination within five minutes (ie 4 minutes 59 seconds or less) of the planned arrival time for London and South East or regional services, or 10 minutes (ie 9 minutes 59 seconds or less) for long distance services.

    Where a train fails to run its entire planned route calling at all timetabled stations it will count as a PPM failure.

    Note: unless specified otherwise, all data on and linked from this page is for initial indications only and is subject to change in subsequent publications.

  • Train delays explained

    Delays explained 190x90 The common causes of delays - and what we're doing to reduce their frequency and impact.